Recently, a model for a “Green Village” was developed by Dr. Rushi Ghadawala. The Green Village will be completely energy independent – utilizing renewable energy sources like Solar Energy, Wing Energy, Biogas Plants and Tidal Energy (if the chosen region is a coastal one). The model is designed for medium-sized villages, having around 100-150 houses, to meet their basic requirements for power.
A pilot study has been taken up for a remote village ‘Aasarsa’ near Bharuch in Gujarat State through which its energy requirements have been established. The focus is on satisfying their basic energy requirements via Solar Panel roofs as the primary energy source. A unique placement of parabolic reflectors will re-concentrate the reflected solar rays back to the panel, resulting in higher efficiency. Furthermore, the solar panel plants will also be connected with batteries installed in a series formation to store additional power. Also, two wind-mills have been proposed to be placed in the village to satisfy additional power requirements, especially for common utilities.
Installation of bio-gas plants has been proposed in the model to meet the need for natural gas for cooking purposes. The village has been divided into sectors of 4-5 houses, with each sector allocated with a primary biogas plant, connected via pipeline grids. This will satisfy the villagers’ basic energy requirements, along with increasing hygiene standards. Furthermore, considering the sanitization requirements, which was observed to be very poor in the study region, inspired by the idea of bio-degradable toilets, developed by DRDO – India, the installation of syntax-walled bio-degradable toilets has also been proposed in the model green village. These bio-degradable toilets will also have small-sized solar panels covering the roof, to provide sufficient electricity to illuminate a bulb inside the toilet. The additional energy will be stored in a separate storage unit.
In each sector, an underground water tank is proposed to store the rain water during the monsoons, which is connected with each house in the respective sectors. This will ensure the utilization of excess water in time of need.
The primary study concludes that the project results in knowledge-empowerment and capacity building at remotely located villages, enhancing the capabilities of the local residents to raise their standard of living and meet their basic requirements of power. This pilot project will be helpful for a small village like ‘Aasarsa’, located in a remote location in Gujarat, to be independent in energy production and will set an example of cleanliness and hygienic & self empowered lifestyle, using solar panels, wind mills, water turbines, bio-gas plants, biodegradable toilets and other climate friendly resources.
Indeed, it is a primary challenge to educate the local community to adopt these technologies but, this will also enhance their educational capabilities, as the villagers will be encouraged to learn about new technologies, use of such appliances in their routine life, educate themselves to raise their standard of living and live happily and peacefully.
Dr. Rushi Ghadawala
President, International Affairs
The Secretariat, Aryavarta Space Organization
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