Let’s get Serious! They say China Will…

This – “Why China will fight for a global climate deal next yearis good news for the Planet.  Time for everyone to realise together that we have only one planet! We see no sign of effective international action, so fusion technology, massive afforestation and use of green technologies will have to offset national emissions. Moreover, the transition to a high-tech growth model (below), which we in this Forum also envisage for India, will lead to a reduction in the more polluting industries:

China has started to establish innovation-based development. It is adjusting its economic structure, and no longer pursuing development at the cost of the environment. This new development path means that China has to lower its total energy consumption and change its energy framework to support further adjustments to its economic structure”

Extracts

“China’s leaders know that an effective treaty on climate change in 2015 is essential to the country’s development, says IPCC China expert Wang Chunfeng.

It isn’t hard to see that China’s motivation is genuine. First, China is suffering badly from the adverse effects of climate change. Over the last hundred years, the annual average rise in temperatures in China has been higher than the global average…Since the 1990s, China has suffered annual average economic losses of over 200 billion yuan (US$32 billion) as a direct result of extreme weather events, and an annual average death toll above 2,000. ..The latest reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predict that rising temperatures will grow more pronounced, adverse impacts will intensify and damage from extreme weather events in China will get even more serious.

Second, there is no contradiction between the direction of China’s economic development and tackling climate change…” as

China has started to establish innovation-based development. It is adjusting its economic structure, and no longer pursuing development at the cost of the environment. This new development path means that China has to lower its total energy consumption and change its energy framework to support further adjustments to its economic structure.”

Extract ends.

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A Model Green Village by Dr. Rushi Ghadawala

Recently, a model for a “Green Village” was developed by Dr. Rushi Ghadawala. The Green Village will be completely energy independent – utilizing renewable energy sources like Solar Energy, Wing Energy, Biogas Plants and Tidal Energy (if the chosen region is a coastal one). The model is designed for medium-sized villages, having around 100-150 houses, to meet their basic requirements for power.

A pilot study has been taken up for a remote village ‘Aasarsa’ near Bharuch in Gujarat State through which its energy requirements have been established. The focus is on satisfying their basic energy requirements via Solar Panel roofs as the primary energy source. A unique placement of parabolic reflectors will re-concentrate the reflected solar rays back to the panel, resulting in higher efficiency.  Furthermore, the solar panel plants will also be connected with batteries installed in a series formation to store additional power. Also, two wind-mills have been proposed to be placed in the village to satisfy additional power requirements, especially for common utilities.

Installation of bio-gas plants has been proposed in the model to meet the need for natural gas for cooking purposes. The village has been divided into sectors of 4-5 houses, with each sector allocated with a primary biogas plant, connected via pipeline grids. This will satisfy the villagers’ basic energy requirements, along with increasing hygiene standards. Furthermore, considering the sanitization requirements, which was observed to be very poor in the study region, inspired by the idea of bio-degradable toilets, developed by DRDO – India, the installation of syntax-walled bio-degradable toilets has also been proposed in the model green village. These bio-degradable toilets will also have small-sized solar panels covering the roof, to provide sufficient electricity to illuminate a bulb inside the toilet.  The additional energy will be stored in a separate storage unit.

In each sector, an underground water tank is proposed to store the rain water during the monsoons, which is connected with each house in the respective sectors. This will ensure the utilization of excess water in time of need.

The primary study concludes that the project results in knowledge-empowerment and capacity building at remotely located villages, enhancing the capabilities of the local residents to raise their standard of living and meet their basic requirements of power. This pilot project will be helpful for a small village like ‘Aasarsa’, located in a remote location in Gujarat, to be independent in energy production and will set an example of cleanliness and hygienic & self empowered lifestyle, using solar panels, wind mills, water turbines, bio-gas plants, biodegradable toilets and other climate friendly resources.

Indeed, it is a primary challenge to educate the local community to adopt these technologies but, this will also enhance their educational capabilities, as the villagers will be encouraged to learn about new technologies, use of such appliances in their routine life, educate themselves to raise their standard of living and live happily and peacefully.

By 

Dr. Rushi Ghadawala

President, International Affairs

The Secretariat, Aryavarta Space Organization

2-15, Simandhar Apartments,

Behind Dharnidhar Derasar,

Vasna, Ahmedabad 380007

Gujarat, INDIA

DOT Recommends Renewable Energies to Power India’s Telecom Network

In a further boost to India’s renewable industry and indigenous telecom manufacture, a committee or regulatory body has recommended that the entire telecom network should be powered by renewable energy. The article does not name either except to mention it is under DOT, although a PIB press release indicates that Ministry of New & Renewable Energy and USOF (the Universal Service Obligation Fund) are also involved. This is a progressive and heartening development. We are proud to say we had reported on one such company VNL that had won Innovation Awards abroad for its innovative solar power based rural telecom network.

Para-interpreting Lenin’s famous “What is to be Done?” when Faced with Cheap Imports

Lenin could have asked “What Is To Be Done?” indeed.

Many industries in India are under stress because of Free Trade Agreements and cheap imports. Since the aim is to upgrade Indian industry and make it internationally competitive, rather than hike tariffs, all efforts should be made to reduce transactional and input costs arising from shortfalls in the business environment and government policy. The other vector for action should be to introduce Technology Upgradation or R & D Support Schemes such as exists in the textile sector in any sector which requires it. These should focused on SMEs in particular.

An example is the green Bicycle Industry. The article “Bicycle Industry Sufferingreports that the Indian bicycle industry is under stress from Chinese competition and from Free Trade Agreements. It says the Ludhiana Bicycle manufacturers, accounting for 90% of bicycle production, have urged the government to reduce high interest rates on loans for SMEs.  It adds while “India’s exports of bicycle to other countries have grown at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 17 per cent”, “imports grew at over double the rate of about 35 per cent mainly on account of uncompetitive pricing”, as per the ASSOCHAM study in which it has recommended (1) imposition of “strict anti-dumping laws on rising cheap imports of bicycles and components from China which has been dumping its products into India”; and (2) reduction of various input costs which inflate the cost of production and place Indian industry at a disadvantage to cheap imports. These include reduction of:

  •  Capital costs for SMEs
  • Power tariffs
  • Freight charged by the government on raw materials imported from other States.
  • Excise duty and VAT on bicycles and expediting release of VAT refunds.
  • Inflation – “input cost inflation like rising steel prices (largely due to rising exports of iron ore pellets), poor condition of roads esp. in rural areas”.

This is the way to go rather than resort to protectionism. But all this has to be done – our industries should not be abandoned to face the gales of international competition on their own, especially as other countries are promoting their industries very, very proactively. The aim should be to increase competitiveness of India’s manufacturing sector, and of this precious green industry.

This should be the Indian State’s new “Mission”.

vista-bharat-final-logo-2 below

How Green is my Valley (India)?

Along with high-tech, Vistas Bharat is dedicated to a green India.  A new startup Afforest has been launched to undo the damage of industrialization and grow new forests as fast as old ones are cleared away.

At the same time the European Investment Bank has tied up with India Infrastructure Finance Company Ltd (IIFCL) to extend a Euro 200 mn loan for projects related to renewable energy and emissions reductions.  These initiatives will provide new opportunities for Green Entrepreneurs and keep the balance between a rapidly industrializing hi-tech India and nature.  Because at the same time as we seek to create an advanced economy, we also want to nurture the environment – to combat the frightening effects of climate change. The IPCC has just published its latest assessment of the damage we are inflicting on our blue and beautiful planet.

Some industrial houses have kept their promises, the huge world class Jamnagar refinery has been “offset” by more than a million fruit trees, which not only produce revenue but have also been credited with re-balancing the ecology of the region. More firms need to follow this example and not evade their obligations to the environment.